Dr. Fred Azimi

Endocrine Surgery

Endocrine surgery refers to operations on the endocrine glands. These glands secrete hormones into the bloodstream. These include the thyroid and parathyroid glands.

Often endocrine problems may not need surgery

One of the common conditions that I perform thyroid surgery for is thyroid cancer.

Most thyroid cancers have an excellent prognosis. In fact, most thyroid cancers can be cured.

Your thyroid cancer treatment options depend on the type and stage of your thyroid cancer, your overall health, and your preferences. Some thyroid cancers can be managed with active surveillance and frequent monitoring of the cancer.

The thyroid is a butterfly-shaped organ that sits in the midline of the neck.

Reasons for performing thyroid surgery including enlargement of the gland, overactivity of the gland, a growth within the gland or a thyroid cancer.

Thyroid surgery usually involves either a total thyroidectomy or a hemithyroidectomy. The underlying disease will dictate what procedure takes place. In some patients with thyroid cancer, a lymph node dissection may be necessary. This involves removal of a group of lymph node that are anatomically related to the thyroid gland.

Thyroid surgery can often be done through a relatively small cosmetically sensitive incision with
minimal complications in experienced hands.

The parathyroid glands are four tiny glands in the neck that sit on each side of your thyroid gland.

They are very important in regulating the levels of calcium in your blood via production of parathyroid hormone. Elevated parathyroid hormone is called hyperparathyroidism. This condition can cause disorder in many different areas of the body. Some of the issues related to hyperparathyroidism are kidney problems, weak bones (osteoporosis), abdominal pain, weakness, fatigue, memory problems, constipation, depression, and heart disease.

Surgery is the only effective treatment for hyperparathyroidism.
Parathyroid disease can be surgically by looking for all the parathyroid gland via a “four gland parathyroid exploration’ or via a targeted approach through a “minimally invasive
parathyroidectomy.”

It is important that all the correct investigations are carried out prior to surgery to decide what surgery suites your individual condition.